Does mobile phone use effect academic performance
The aim of this project is to determine the impact of smartphone use on a student’s learning outcome by examining their distraction levels alongside their level of mobile phone use.
The present study examined how a student’s distractibility level and mobile phone use had an effect on performance in class. A total of 75 participants in third level education completed self-report measures on mobile phone use (MPPUS) and distractibility in tandem with completing a task performance test. A Pearson correlation indicated that there was a relationship between participant’s task performance scores, indicating that participants scored higher under the condition when mobile phones were switched off. Participants with lower mobile phone use and higher distractibility levels were more prone to distraction during the performance task leading to a decrease in their task scores. This observation is important as it shows that even students who are not regular mobile phone users could become distracted by the presence of mobile phones in a learning environment. These results are discussed in relation to previous research and recommendations for future research are also made.
The results indicate that there was a decrease in participants’ test scores when their mobile phones were switched on during the performance task. It was also noted that participants with high distractibility and low mobile phone use could be easily distracted by other students’ mobile phones even if their own phone was not causing them a distraction.