Self-esteem and the Ability to Delay Gratification
The main aim of the project, was to address the gap in the literature, surrounding the relationship between self-esteem and the ability to delay gratification. The project also attempted to investigate the effect of age and gender on self-esteem levels and the ability to delay gratification. Following this, students, were also assigned to an online and offline condition, to examine the effect of internet use on the variables.
A healthy level of self-esteem, is important for all individuals, according to past research should be built up to serve as a protective feature to the ego, with other research highlighting the negative effects of poor self-esteem, including, participation in risky and dangerous behaviours. Self-esteem is not the only variable involved however, self-control plays a role in the process stating, adults, who are capable of delaying gratification, are less prone to demonstrating risky behaviours. The aim of the present study, was to investigate the relationship between the delay of gratification and self-esteem in college students. An abundance of literature was found linking the variables together in children and adolescents, but limited research had been carried out looking at adults and college students. The present study, used a quantitative questionnaire design, to link the variables together. Age and gender were also investigated, as well as looking into the effect of the internet on participant responses. Participants, unknowingly assigned themselves to their test condition, by choosing a paper copy or online version of the surveys.
Results from the present study, found a significant relationship between self-esteem and the ability to delay gratification. Age also achieved significance in relation to the variables. There was no relationship found between gender, self-esteem and the ability to delay gratification. The test condition, had no effect on the ability to delay gratification, however had a significant effect on the levels of self-esteem in participants.