Life satisfaction and self-concept – analysis of college students
This thesis intended to examine third level student’s life satisfaction and how it is related to their personal and academic self-concept. It also analysed differences of life satisfaction across gender, and academic self-concept across faculties. The aim of this project was to expand on previous literature and study whether or not the students who feel comfortable and content in their personal and academic life, also have high subjective well-being.
This research project evaluate two aspects of a third-level students life, in order to find out what elevates their subjective well-being. The first aspect was academic self-concept, which is an individual's assessment of their performance and satisfaction in education, and perception of their abilities. The other aspect, was personal self-concept which consists of four elements. The first, self-fulfilment refers to one’s accomplishments and perception of abilities. Whereas the second element, honesty, describes how he or she feels reliable, moral, ethical and noble. The next component is autonomy, or how one feels unique as a person, but yet equal to others. The last part is one’s perception of their emotionality, ability to manage their feelings and remain stable. These two aspects of self-concept were studied in relation to one’s life satisfaction, or how he or she perceives their achievements to date. The aim of this research is to broaden current literature and aid students to feel more successful and content. The third level population was studied, as at this stage, the young people should be in their chosen domain, in which they feel comfortable in, successful and which gives them joy. Also, college is a time when a person looks for answers to questions like ‘who am I?’, ‘what do I want out of life?’ and ‘what will make me happy?’. This thesis was designed to help students find answers to these questions and learn which aspects are important to work on, in order to bring a little bit more happiness to their life.
This project revealed that personal self-concept stands for over 28% of an individual’s life satisfaction. Furthermore, a strong positive correlation was revealed between academic and personal self-concept. This finding was especially important, as after reviewing multiple papers, none of the previous research examined this relationship. However, the results showed life satisfaction to be not predicted by academic self-concept and gender. As well as that, there was no significant result for academic self-concept and faculty. These results should be studied further, in order to expand knowledge as to which domain an individual would feel successful and content in.